ДОБРЕ ДОШЛИ ВЪ ИНТЕРНЕТЪ СТРАНИЦАТА НА МАКЕДОНСКА ТРИБУНА!
МЕСЕЧНО ИЗДАНИЕ - БРОЙ 3- 2020 г. | MONTHLY PUBLICATION - ISSUE 3 - Year 2020
ВЕСТНИКЪ НА БЪЛГАРСКОТО ЕЖЕДНЕВИЕ ВЪ СЕВЕРНА МАКЕДОНИЯ
До всички българи до година въ Охридъ съ Български училишта и черкви.
To all Bulgarians
next year in Ohrid, with Bulgarian schools and churchs.
бпой е посветенъ на Младенови за които толково много се пише и ништо не
се казва. Младенови бяха Българи когато немаше българи по столоветѣ на
народното събрание За повече прочететѣ въвъ Македония и долеко отъ нея.
An open letter to our Macedonian Bulgarian Brothers and Sisters and to our Albanian friends.
We are want to hear from you about your family experiences as Bulgarians in Macedonia. We also want to hear about your family experiences during the troubles. Any current news about Macedonia would also be welcomed.
We can accept any articles in English, French, Italian , Bulgarian and the Macedonian dialect of Bulgarian. We are sorry we cannot accept articles written in Albanian as our editorial staff does not speak Albanian. This does not mean that we don't want to hear from you, only that we are looking for an Albanian editor.
To the young Macedono – Bulgarians, remember to apply for your Bulgarian passports, as Bulgarian diplomas are recognized in Europe and Germany too. To the Macedono – Bulgarians starting new families, remember to send your children to Albanian schools, they will need it if they want government jobs.
If you are uncomfortable feel free to use a pseudonym or pen name.
English and French assistant Editor Gosho Mladenoff LLB , email@example.com
English , Italian, Bulgarian and Macedono Bulgarian Editor, George Mladenov B.Sc. firstname.lastname@example.org
The limits of old Bulgaria and Bulgarian speaking peoples
Българскитѣ журналисти които не напуснаха българскиятъ фронтъ въ Македония
Bulgarian journalists who did not leave the Bulgarian front in Macedonia
Баба Кира Александрова сестра на Тодоръ Александровъ и Георги Младеновъ май 1972 предъ хотелъ Хилтонъ въ Истанбулъ Турция
The Picture of the promotion of the Bulgarian organisation Radko in Skopie 27 October 2000.
Arbën Xhaferi : The Macedonian state is like oil and water the two cannot mix. Party for Democratic Prosperity
This was discussed after the first world war between Todor Alexandrov and Hasan Prishtina. Dividing the territory between Albania and Bulgaria. The wars prevented this outcome from happening. The ultra nationalist Macedonian party DPMN and the communist Yugoslav party are against this agreement between Albanians and Bulgarians. The Albanians control the swing vote between the DPMN and yesterdays communists. The Bulgarians are largely unrepresented and marginalized. The Bulgarians have no political party which supports their linguistic and cultural aspirations. The Macedonian constitution states that there are no Bulgarians in the Macedonian state, despite the fact that there was no Macedonian culture before 1944. Strangely enough, all the original framers of the Macedonian Constitution were put in prison as Bulgarians, Skopije Idrizovo and Croatia Goli Otok. The Albanians have used their swing vote to make the Country bilingual with Albanian as a second language. The Bulgarian government has been quietly pushing Macedonia to recognise their mutual history, culture and language with some success. Until 1983 25% of the Bulgarian male population were incarcerated1 by the Macedonian Government.
1According to Makedonska delo 1986
Vladimir Kurtev : Ivan "Radko" Mihailov's second in command
Vladimir Kurtev (1880-ca.1946) was a Bulgarian teacher and a revolutionary and activist of the VMORO (International Macedonia-Adrianople Organization) fighting for the liberation of the regions of Macedonia and their accession to Bulgaria.
Below is an account of the 1943 events connected with the rescue of the Bulgarian Jews with the participation of Vladimir Kurtev as published by the English-language Israeli paper The Jerusalem Post (the original article can be read HERE):
More than 67 years after Vladimir Kurtev made a bold attempt to save the Jews of Bulgaria, Macedonia and Thrace, he will be posthumously honored at Yad Vashem on Monday as a Righteous Among the Nations.
Since Yad Vashem’s founding in 1953, more than 22,200 men and women from 45 countries have been accorded the honor, which is bestowed upon those who helped save Jews, at their own personal risk, during the Holocaust.
Born in Pleven, Bulgaria in 1888, Kurtev was a teacher in the city of Kyustendil, and maintained strong ties with leaders of the city’s Jewish community.
He was also a member of a revolutionary Macedonian movement, which espoused the independence of Macedonia from Turkey, and later adopted a pro-Bulgarian stance. Several of Kyustendil’s Jews were members of this movement.
On February 22, 1943, an agreement was signed between the Bulgarian Commissioner for Jewish Questions, Alexander Belev, and Theodor Dannecker, a representative of SS Commander Adolf Eichmann, regarding the deportation of 20,000 Jews from Bulgaria. The agreement was authorized by the Bulgarian government on March 2, and two days later, preparations were made for the deportation of some 12,000 Jews from Macedonia and Thrace, which were under Bulgarian rule.
Rumors about the impending deportations reached the Jews of Kyustendil, and the community received an order from a representative of the Commissioner to prepare supplies for the Jewish deportees.
The city’s Jews together with non-Jewish public figures felt impelled to act, and on March 8, a four-man delegation, comprised of all non-Jews, set out for the Bulgarian capital of Sofia in an effort to revoke the decree.
Kurtev was one of the four delegates, along with Asen Suichmezov, Petar Mikhalev and Ivan-Christov Momchilov. A larger delegation had initially been scheduled to depart, but some of the members backed out, reluctant to take such drastic action.
As the delegates left for Sofia on the train, an empty train car designated for the deportees already stood waiting at the Kyustendil train station.
Immediately upon their arrival in Sofia the following morning, the delegates met with deputy Speaker of Parliament Dimitar Peshev, who did all he could to cancel the deportations, and was removed from his post as a result.
Kurtev, Peshev and Mikhalev then met with Minister of the Interior Petur Gabrovski and demanded that he call off the deportations. When Gabrovski attempted to deny the existence of the deportation plans, Kurtev retorted that he had heard about them with his own ears, and threatened the minister with Macedonian “sanctions” if the edict wasn’t revoked.
The efforts of the delegation, as well as other actions taken by the head of the Holy Synod, Metropolitan (Bishop) Stephan and others, paid off, and a directive was issued to release the arrested Jews from the provincial towns of old Bulgaria, and to refrain from making additional arrests.
The deportation of the Jews of Macedonia and Thrace continued, however, and by the end of the same month, more than 11,000 Jews had been sent to the death camps.
Metropolitan Bishops Stefan and Kiril were recognized by Yad Vashem as Righteous Among the Nations in 2001. Dimitar Peshev and three of the four delegates were recognized in 1973 and in 1991, and received the medal and certificate of honor in their lifetimes.
Kurtev, however, disappeared after the war, and his fate is unknown – although it is believed that he may have been murdered by the Bulgarian communist authorities.
With the assistance of the Israeli embassy in Sofia, relevant documents were obtained from the archives in Bulgaria, and the recognition process was finally completed. On May 3, 2010, the Commission for the Designation of the Righteous Among the Nations decided to award Vladimir Kurtev the title of Righteous Among the Nations, and on Monday, a ceremony marking the award will take place at Yad Vashem.
EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Press release issued by the Registrar
ASSOCIATION OF CITIZENS RADKO & PAUNKOVSKI v.
THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
The European Court of Human Rights has today notified in writing its Chamber judgment in the case of Association of Citizens “Radko” & Paunkovski v. “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” (application no. 74651/01).
The Court held, by six votes to one, that there had been a violation of Article 11 (right to freedom of association) of the European Convention on Human Rights on account of the national authorities’ dissolution of the applicant association.
Under Article 41 (just satisfaction) of the Convention, and by six votes to one, the Court awarded the applicants, jointly, 5,000 euros (EUR) in respect of non-pecuniary damage and EUR 4,000 for costs and expenses. (The judgment is available in English and French.)
1. Principal facts
The applicants are the Association of Citizens “Radko”, and its Chairman, Boris Paunkovski, a national of “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and of Bulgaria, who was born in 1954 and lives in Ohrid (“the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”).
The case concerned the dissolution of the applicant association for being unconstitutional and for inciting national or religious hatred and intolerance.
The association, named after Ivan Mihajlov-Radko (leader of the Macedonian Liberation Movement from 1925 to 1990), was officially registered in May 2000. Its articles of association defined it as an independent, non-political and public organisation with the aim of “popularising the objectives, tasks and ideas of the Macedonian Liberation Movement” and/or promoting “the Macedonian cultural space and traditional, ethical and human values”. A leaflet describing the association’s activities stated that the association aims to, among other things, “raise and affirm the Macedonian cultural space, having as its priority the cultural and historical identity of the Slavs from Macedonia who have appeared as Bulgarians throughout the centuries”. The association intended to achieve those aims through its own newspaper, publications, library and website and by organising seminars, conferences and forums.
There was a high-profile campaign in the media against the association, both before and after its official launch on 27 October 2000. Daily newspapers accused the association of fostering terrorism and fascism as advocated by Hitler’s collaborator, Vančo Mihajlov (otherwise known as Ivan Mihajlov-Radko). In particular, the then President of “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, Boris Trajkovski, allegedly stated to the press that “there is no place here for a man who claims that Macedonians are (ethnic) Bulgarians”.
In or about October 2000 three lawyers from Skopje, a political party and the Association of War Veterans from the Second World War filed a petition with the Constitutional Court which challenged the constitutionality of the association’s articles and programme and the lawfulness of the decision to register the association.
On 21 March 2001 the Constitutional Court annulled the association’s articles and programme, finding in particular that “affirmation of the ideas of the Macedonian Liberation Movement, according to the Association, in fact means relief from “Macedonianism”, as a Serb-communist doctrine, and from the “imagined Macedonian nation” which was used as an open door for the accession of the whole of Macedonia to Yugoslavia.” The Constitutional Court concluded that the programme and the articles of the association “were directed towards the violent destruction of the state order; hindrance of free expression of the national affiliation of the Macedonian people, i.e. negation of its identity and incitement to national or religious hatred or intolerance.”
On 16 January 2002 Ohrid Court of First Instance dissolved the association. On 11 February 2002 that decision was upheld on appeal.
2. Procedure and composition of the Court
The application was lodged with the European Court of Human Rights on 30 July 2001. A hearing on admissibility and the merits took place in public in the Human Rights Building, Strasbourg, on 19 June 2008.
Judgment was given by a Chamber of seven judges, composed as follows:
Peer Lorenzen (Denmark), President,
Rait Maruste (Estonia),
Karel Jungwiert (Czech Republic),
Renate Jaeger (Germany),
Mark Villiger (Liechtenstein),
Isabelle Berro-Lefèvre (Monaco),
Mirjana Lazarova Trajkovska (“the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”), judges,
and also Claudia Westerdiek, Section Registrar.
3. Summary of the judgment
The applicants complained about the Constitutional Court’s decision, claiming that their activities, articles and programme did not advocate violence or the use of anti-democratic or unconstitutional means. They relied on Article 11 (right to freedom of association). Mr Paunkovski further relied on Article 10 (freedom of expression), complaining that the dissolution of the association took away from him the possibility to express his views on the ethnic origin of certain segments of the population and that the then President had been referring to him in his statement to the media.
Decision of the Court
The Court noted that the Constitutional Court had not characterised the applicant association as “terrorist” or concluded that it or its members would use illegal or anti-democratic means to pursue their aims. Indeed, there had been nothing in the association’s founding acts to indicate that it advocated hostility. In addition, the Constitutional Court had not explained why it had considered a negation of Macedonian ethnicity to be tantamount to violence, especially to violent destruction of the constitutional order, as found in its decision to dissolve the association. Nor had the Government presented any evidence that the applicants had used or had intended to use violent or destructive means for the constitutional order.
On the other hand, it was undisputed that the creation and registration of the association had generated a degree of tension in Macedonian society because of the public’s particular sensitivity to the ideology of the association’s founder. Naming the Association “Radko”, with the offensive connotations that that name implied for the majority of the population, had therefore been likely to arouse hostile feelings.
However, the Court found that the naming of the association after an individual who had been perceived negatively by the majority of the population could not in itself have been considered a present and imminent threat to public order. It considered that there was no concrete evidence to show that the association, by using “Radko” as a name, had opted for a policy that had represented a real threat to Macedonian society or the State and therefore concluded that the dissolution had not been justified, in violation of Article 11.
The Court held by six votes to one that it was not necessary to examine separately Mr Paunkovski’s complaints under Article 10 as they were closely connected to and difficult to separate from those under Article 11.
Judge Lazarova Trajkovska expressed a dissenting opinion, which is annexed to the judgment.
An open letter to the Albanians and Mr. Sela of the Albanian Alliance, from MPO Luben Dimitroff Toronto Canada.
Dear Mr. Sela,
feel that the lack of a Bulgarian political party in Macedonia does
not represent the democratic values of the country as a whole.
Bulgarians in the Eastern part of Macedonia are represented by
“Macedonian” or Serbian parties which do not effectively reflect
their ethnic values and aspirations. These Bulgarians are denied Bulgarian schools, churches and and language rights.
would like for you, Mr. Sela, as leader of the Albanian Alliance, to
reach out to the Bulgarian Community in Macedonia. In Particular, we
want you to represent the Bulgarian voice in Parliament. In addition
we want you to also find Bulgarian
candidates in Eastern Macedonia and have them run in your party for the next election.
feel that after one Genocide in 1945 January against the Bulgarians
and two civil wars against the Albanians, that our interests as
unique peoples of Macedonia are harmonious with each other.
We also feel that our mutual interests in promoting the civil rights of Bulgarians and Macedonians will only better the country in a true democratic environment.
George Mladenov, President of Luben Dimitroff, Toronto.
За македонските илюзии частично вина имат и България, и "вечната българо-съветска дружба"
Когато "губернаторът" говори, това тежи повече за македонците, отколкото това което казват нашите политици
Чететѣ Следещия Брой ще има интересни новини._________________________
Българите и българската държава са „подпечатани с руски печат“ - това е стигма, македонските българи не могат да избегнат осъзнаването й
В края на войната Видоески заедно с други македонски (сръбски) четници преминава на страната на новата комунистическа власт, арестуван е, но бързо след това е освободен след личното ходатайство на Блаже Конески.
To :Mr. Jesse Flis Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Foreign
Affairs. Department of Foreign Affairs Ottawa/ Ontario
>From : Macedonian Patriotic Organization/ "Luben Dimitroff"
17 Regent St./ Toronto, Ontario
Re : The Situation in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
Mr, Jesse Flis :^'' Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Foreign
Affairs. Department of Foreign Affairs Ottawa, Ontario